What does biobased mean?What qualifies a product to be considered biobased?
There are several good reasons for using biobased products, but the key driver today is the Federal Government and Executive Order 13514, which states that all government purchasing should give preference to biobased products.
Biobased product, is defined by the United States Secretary of Agriculture in the Farm Security and Rural Investment Act of 2002 as follows, "The term 'biobased product' means a product determined by the Secretary to be a commercial or industrial product (other than food or feed) that is composed, in whole or in significant part, of biological products or renewable domestic agricultural materials (including plant, animal, and marine materials) or forestry materials." Some examples of agricultural resources that make up many biobased products include: soybeans, corn, kenaf, flax, jute, and numerous other types of crops that are harvested.
Please review biobased article by EDC (on the left, under "third-party reference materials"), which should answer your questions about the USDA BioPreferred Program.
Many products marketed today as “biobased” could have as little as 10% biobased content. This type of marketing claim is far from meeting the USDA definition of, “composed in whole or significant part”. The BioPreferred Program requires flooring to have a minimum 91% biobased content to meet the requirements of the program.